Integrated Ecocyclofarming for Watershed Rehabilitation

2011 Finalist

Yayasan Hubungan Swiss Indonesia is an independent Indonesia development foundation according to Indonesian Law. It was founded in 2007 under tutorship of Swisscontact, Swiss Foundation for Technical Cooperation.

More information about the organisation

The mission is to develop and implement sustainable social, economic and environmental solutions in Indonesia. SIF has access to the pool of experts at Swisscontact worldwide with their long-term experience. Since its start SIF has developed and implemented more than 15 projects for international and Indonesian donors and companies and positioned itself in the field of sustainable corporate social responsibility and development projects.


Farmers in Sukabungah village increase their competitiveness through application of sustainable agricultural practices enabling them to in-crease access to affordable safe drinking water and improved sanitation facility while promoting environmental conservation.

Project description

The project will create an integrated model for community sustainable development that improves livelihoods and protects the environment. It will work to bring together the elements of environmental infrastructure (clean water system, sanitation facility, and irrigation system), sustain-able farming (rice and cattle sector), management of self-generated input and energy supply (organic fertilizer, fodder, biogas) and land conservation at the scale that is needed to achieve the indicators of the objectives. The implementation of the action will be closely monitored and documented in order to distill the lessons learned, establish case studies for dissemination to wider stakeholders at local and national level.

Country / Region

The location of the project is located in Sukabungah Village in Bo-jomangu, Bekasi district, approximately 60 kilometers southeast of the capital city of Jakarta. It has a population of 8,000 inhabitants covering an area of 8 square kilometers.

Information about local context

Cibeet tributary flows through beneath the village and empties into the Java Sea in the north. Subsistence agriculture including cattle farming is the most important source of cash income for the people contributing to an average household income of USD 100 per month. Paddy and dry land crops are the primary type of agricultural production with an annual production of 5 ton. However, the district of Bekasi is surrounded by environmental degradation problems. The proportion of people living below the poverty line is 47.5 percent or equals to 1 million people and 58,000 people work as manual labor in neighboring cities to make a decent living. Moreover, due to poverty, existing land are sold to city dwellers hence almost 30 percent of the land are managed by industrial developers and the remaining land are not feasible

Participation of the communities

The communities have already been involved in the pilot project in 2006.

Long term viability

The project has built in sustainability aspects from the beginning: a) the watershed and land conservation through cultivation of crops provides income generating opportunity for subsistence farmers; b) provision of services of drinking and irrigation water systems is commercially operated; households pay the services at affordable price; c) households invest for their improved sanitation need; d) the project has a strong focus on capacity building of community group development in general and farmers groups strengthening in specific; e) the project will cooperate closely with the local government of Bekasi especially with the local planning agency; f) provision of infrastructure ensures sustainable access to environmental services.

Chances / Risks

Unwillingness or unability to pay for environmental services: The experience from the pilot project shows that willingness to pay for water services among farming households is high provided that the farmers have income. The project will therefore focus on income generating activities to ensure farmers’ income. High rainfalls cause land erosion: The project proposes a terracing method for land conservation to slow or prevent the rapid run-off of rainwater or irrigation water. Low water level during dry season: To maintain the minimum water intake and ensure continuous supply of clean water to households, the project will have to own a set of emergency pumping units that will be operated when the surface water level drops significantly.

Project partners

YEN is a local foundation founded in 2004. Its mission is to provide clean water services for underserved communities while promoting sustainable livelihood improvement. Since its start, YEN has developed low-cost water supply systems for 2,000 households in 10 villages in Karawang and Bekasi District, West Java province. The system is oper-ated on commercial basis meaning that households have to pay for the services at exceptionally affordable price. YEN works closely with micro financial institutions (MFIs) which provide loan with low interest rate for constructing water processing unit and distribution network system.

Status of project January 2011

At its start

Submitted by: 
Yayasan Hubungan Swiss Indonesia (Swisscontact Indonesia Foundation, SIF)
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Yayasan Hubungan Swiss Indonesia (Swisscontact Indonesia Foundation, SIF)
Dollaris R. Suhadi