Conservation Farming for Watershed Management

2011 Finalist

SECARD is dedicated for the sustainable development through optimal utilization of available resources along with its conservation and promotion for the improved livelihood of the inhabitants.

More information about the organisation

SECARD Nepal's strategy is to work through community sensitization in developmental and environmental issues. To aware community on the resources they have and their wise management on the natural resources without any negative impact on production resources base.


1. Soil conservation through conservation farming and bioengineering 2. Enhance percolation of water under the ground 3. Creating a conducive environment for flora and fauna 4. Enhancing the opportunity of socio-economic development of farmers in project area 5. Enhanced capacity of local institutions to plan and implement integrated and socially equitable watershed management programs 6. Reviving cultural activities and indigenous practices relevant to soil conservation, watershed management, biodiversity conservation and mitigating the adverse impact of climate change through adaptation

Project description

The proposed project shall be implemented in 4 villages of Dhading and Nuwakot Districts. The project area is the watershed of Kolpu khola (stream) which feeds Trishuli river in Central Nepal. Farming system along the watershed is more chemical oriented despite of rainfed up-land condition. The use of agro-chemical in absence of enough water for irrigation either surface or foliar has serious adverse impact. Uncontrolled and unscientific approach of farming with the use of chemical has resulted, drying out small water source and contamination on those which are available along the watershed. The submitted project is result of intensive discussions with local stake-holders eg. local youth, women group and others. The overall activities will be conservation farming, bioengineering and other income generating activities. The development objective of the project are improved watershed conditions to ensure sustained productivity and management of the resource base. Plantation of sacred and multiple use tree species along the foot trail, plantation and conservation of indigenous trees and bush/shrubs either in public or private marginal land will be intensified taking into account the cultural and economical significance.

Country / Region

Nepal, Dhading and Nuwakot Districts

Information about local context

The Kolpu khola (stream) watershed lies in Dhading and Nuwakot districts in the central mid hill region of Nepal about 35 km north-west of Kathmandu. The watershed lies in the humid sub-tropical agroecological zone with a distinct dry period from November to January and a very wet monsoon from June to September characterized by high in-tensity long duration rainfall. Agriculture is the main occupation of people in the project site, with 73% of watershed residents involved. However, the growing population builds pressure through intensification of land use. In accordance with the farmers response both nonirrigated and irrigated land (bari & khet) has increased which significantly reduce the grassland and forest.

Participation of the communities

The project has been designed by the intensive discussions with community, community institutions like rural youth club, and mothers’ groups at project site. Community institutions like mother groups, youth club and farmers groups will be mobilized intensively for the implementation and to create sense of ownership to the overall activities of the project. The implemented activities will be monitored and evaluated independently with the support of District Development Committee (DDC), District Agriculture Development Office (DADO), District Soil Conservation Office (DSCO).

Long term viability

All the assets and infrastructures established by the project will be handed over to the community with full ownership after establishment of respective cooperative aiming to ensure the primary technical service delivery. Furthermore, the cooperative/legal entity will be empowered up-to the level of operating saving and credit operations, which will enhance small economic activity development (SEAD) within the village and the community will get self-help gradually.

Status of project January 2011

Community organization and capacity building

Submitted by: 
Society for Environment Conservation and Agriculture Research and Development (known as SECARD Nepal)
Project period: 
Project legal form: 
Last update: 
Award year: 

Maheswar Ghimire