Building Resilience of Solu Watershed and Enhance Economic Benefits for Local Livelihoods

2015 Finalist

This project proposes to increase the resilience of the local communities in the Kalpa micro-watershed by augmenting their adaptive capacity to climate change and by providing economic benefits for local livelihoods.

Project Description

The Kalpa micro-watershed is located in the Nepalese mid-hills within the Koshi River Basin. Its communities are suffering from water stress, frequent landslides and erosion. Therefore, it is planned to develop and implement practices related to sustainable watershed management. Furthermore, the local community will be trained in sustainable watershed management practices, which, in the end, should lead to improved livelihood opportunities for the community.

Project goal and impact

With this project, WWF Nepal intends to build resilience by increasing the adaptive capacity of the local communities regarding the impacts of climate change.


Plantations and bio-engineering measures will stabilize degraded land, reduce soil erosion, increase biodiversity and maintain ecological functions. Pressure on forests will be reduced by implementing energy efficient technologies. These in turn will reduce the households’ per capita fuel wood consumption. Planting grass will serve for stall feeding of livestock. Water stress will be minimized by restoring degraded spring sources and promoting smart water management practices.


The economic resilience of local communities will be promoted by enhancing the value chain of high-value crops like mushrooms. Furthermore, the plantation of Diploknema butyracea, also known as Nepali Butter Tree, will create prospect for beekeeping with high rates of return. It is estimated that the income of 36 targeted households will increase by 20 to 25%, compared to a 2014 baseline. In the long run, it is expected that farmers will no longer have to pay for drinking water.


Similar to the other 11 Integrated Resource Management Committees (IRMC) in the Koshi River Basin, an IRMC will be set up in Solu watershed which covers 8 Village Development Committees (VDCs), including Kalpa. Another core strategy of the project is to train 'watershed champions'. They will raise awareness and transfer watershed management practices through training and demonstration of different technologies in the Solu watershed.

Participation of the communities

The project was designed and planned based on a need assessment carried out in consultation with local communities. The proposed project activities will be implemented through the IRMC which also involves local communities. The project’s field office will support them technically and financially according to their work plan. The communities will provide leverage in terms of labour, cash and in-kind contributions.

Long-term viability

The new IRMC will be registered with the District Administration Office. It will be based on a constitution and an implementation plan. The committee will meet in regular intervals. This will strengthen its institutional capacity. In addition, the project is aligned with the Koshi River Basin Strategic Plan and the National Water Plan.

Information about the organization

WWF Nepal is a leading conservation organization in Nepal working in all three eco-zones for more than 21 years. The scope of WWF Nepal includes priority species and habitats as well as ecosystem services. Integrated Water Resources Management is one of the key pillars of its Freshwater Program.

Submitted by: 
WWF Nepal
Award year: 

WWF Nepal

Mr. Bhawani Dongol, Senior Program Officer